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What does Streptococcus pneumoniae cause

Streptococcus pneumoniae are lancet-shaped, gram-positive, facultative anaerobic bacteria with 100 known serotypes.Most S. pneumoniae serotypes can cause disease, but only a minority of serotypes produce the majority of pneumococcal infections.. Pneumococci are common inhabitants of the respiratory tract. The bacteria may be isolated from the nasopharynx of 5-90% of healthy persons. Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is a Gram-positive, spherical bacteria, alpha-hemolytic (under aerobic conditions) or beta-hemolytic (under anaerobic conditions), facultative anaerobic member of the genus Streptococcus. They are usually found in pairs and do not form spores and are non motile.As a significant human pathogenic bacterium S. pneumoniae was recognized as a major cause. Streptococcus pneumoniae Definition. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacteria that is commonly found in the nose and throat. The bacteria can sometimes cause severe illness in children, the elderly and other people with weakened immune systems. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of middle ear infections, sepsis (blood infection) in. Streptococcus Pneumoniae is non-motile and does not form or release spore, although it does have pili which are sometimes used for adherence, usually to a host's cells for better growth. Most typically, these bacteria are naturally found in the nasal and throat passages as well as the upper respiratory tract Streptococcus pneumoniae are bacteria that are commonly found in the nose and throat of children and adults. S. pneumoniae can infect the lungs (pneumonia) or ears (otitis media), but it is considered invasive when it is found in the blood, spinal fluid (e.g., meningitis), or other site that normally does not have bacteria present

Streptococcus pneumoniae: For Clinicians CD

  1. OVERVIEW: What every clinician needs to know Pathogen name and classification Streptococcus pneumoniae What is the best treatment? Otitis media For treatment of otitis media in children, amoxicillin, 30mg/kg, three times daily, is recommended, based on the following reasoning: Continue Reading S. pneumoniae is the most common identifiable cause of otitis and the one associate
  2. The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in the U.S. is Streptococcus pneumoniae. This type of pneumonia can occur on its own or after you've had a cold or the flu. It may affect one part (lobe) of the lung, a condition called lobar pneumonia. Bacteria-like organisms. Mycoplasma pneumoniae also can cause pneumonia
  3. al symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea .It is, however, an under-recognized cause of primary intra-abdo
  4. In some cases, however, group B strep can cause a urinary tract infection or more-serious infections such as blood infections (bacteremia) or pneumonia. When to see a doctor. If you have signs or symptoms of group B strep infection — particularly if you're pregnant, you have a chronic medical condition or you're older than 65 — contact your.
  5. Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is a Gram-positive bacterium that is responsible for the majority of community-acquired pneumonia. It is a commensal organism in the human respiratory tract.

Pneumococcal meningitis can occur when the Streptococcus pneumonia bacteria invade the bloodstream, cross the blood-brain barrier and multiply within the fluid surrounding the spine and brain. Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus) is the major cause of bacterial meningitis. The mechanisms by which pneumococci from the bloodstream penetrate the blood-brain barrier to reach the brain are not fully understood. Receptor-mediated adhesion of the bacteria to the brain endothelium is consi The bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae), which is also known as pneumococcus, causes pneumococcal disease.. Invasive pneumococcal disease is a life-threatening condition that is.

Streptococcus pneumoniae - Wikipedi

Streptococcus pneumoniae - Iowa Department of Public Healt

Several types of bacteria can cause meningitis. Leading causes in the United States include. Streptococcus pneumoniae; Group B Streptococcus; Neisseria meningitidis; Haemophilus influenzae; Listeria monocytogenes; These bacteria can also be associated with another serious illness, sepsis. Sepsis is the body's extreme response to infection Streptococcus pneumoniae is an infectious pathogen responsible for millions of deaths worldwide. Diseases caused by this bacterium are classified as pneumococcal diseases. This pathogen colonizes the nasopharynx of its host asymptomatically, but overtime can migrate to sterile tissues and organs and cause infections. Pneumonia is currently the most common pneumococcal disease

Video: Streptococcus Pneumoniae and Diseases It Can Cause New

Pneumococcal disease is caused by common bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae) that can attack different parts of the body.When these bacteria invade the lungs, they can cause pneumonia; when they invade the bloodstream, they can cause sepsis; and when they invade the covering of the brain, they can cause meningitis There are more than 30 different causes of pneumonia, and they're grouped by the cause. The main types of pneumonia are: Bacterial pneumonia. This type is caused by various bacteria. The most common is Streptococcus pneumoniae. It usually occurs when the body is weakened in some way, such as by illness, poor nutrition, old age, or impaired. Pneumococcal meningitis is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria (also called pneumococcus, or S pneumoniae).This type of bacteria is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in adults. It is the second most common cause of meningitis in children older than age 2 Group B streptococcus, also known as group B strep or GBS, is a type of bacteria that can cause illness in people of all ages, though it can be particularly severe in newborns, most commonly. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common cause of osteomyelitis with or without contiguous joint infection, but a less common cause of soft tissue infections. Epidemiology. Pneumococcal infections affect people of all ages but children younger than two years of age and adults aged 65 years and older are at higher risk

Streptococcus pneumoniae (Invasive) - Epidemiolog

The most common bacterial cause of CAP is Streptococcus pneumoniae. Health care associated pneumonia refers to pneumonia that develops in a person that is in the hospital now or has recently been in the hospital or a nursing home. These pneumonias tend to be more serious. The organisms found in a hospital often become resistant to many antibiotics Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacterium commonly found in the nose and throat. The bacterium can sometimes cause severe illness in children, the elderly and other people with weakened immune systems. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of ear infections (otitis media) Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) can cause a range of different illnesses including sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, bacteraemia, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis and meningitis. Vaccines are available that help prevent invasive pneumococcal disease (such as bacteraemia and meningitis)

This type of pneumonia occurs outside of a hospital or other healthcare facility. Causes include: Bacteria: Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common bacterial cause of pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumoniae and other atypical bacteria: Other types of bacteria with uniqu PN23 : Streptococcus pneumoniae is a gram-positive bacteria that causes a variety of infectious diseases in children and adults, including invasive disease (bacteremia and meningitis) and infections of the respiratory tract (pneumonia and otitis media).(1,2) In 2009, it is estimated that S pneumoniae was responsible for approximately 43,500 infections and 5,000 deaths in the United States

Overview; S. pneumoniae is a part of the normal nasopharyngeal flora in many individuals and generally does not cause disease in most adults. However, the organism can spread into anatomically contiguous areas such as the lung or ear when certain normal host defense processes are impaired If you do, intravenous (IV) antibiotics during labor can save your baby's life. Adults can also get group B strep infections, especially if they are 65 or older or already have health problems. Strep B can cause urinary tract infections, blood infections, skin infections and pneumonia in adults. Antibiotics are used to treat strep infections Streptococcus pneumo´niae a small, slightly elongated, encapsulated coccus, one end of which is pointed or lance-shaped; the organisms commonly occur in pairs. This is the most common cause of lobar pneumonia, and it also causes serious forms of meningitis, septicemia, empyema, and peritonitis.There are some 80 serotypes distinguished by the polysaccharide hapten of the capsular substance Streptococci pneumoniae (pneumococci) are bacteria important in pneumonia and meningitis but rarely cause skin disease. Pneumococci are alpha-haemolytic and do not belong to the Lancefield group. Lancefield Group A. This group consists of a single type of streptococcus called Streptococcus pyogenes

Streptococcus pneumoniae: diagnosis and treatment. Diagnosis. Bacterial cultivation is the main technique used to diagnose the causative bacterium in cases of middle ear infection and sinusitis, but the test takes a long time. Recently, a rapid diagnostic technique has been developed that can diagnose Streptococcus pneumoniae in about 20. Pneumococcal disease, which Streptococcus pneumoniae causes, is a major cause of bacterial pneumonia.In the United States, it occurs in around 900,000 people each year, and approximately 400,000.

Streptococcus pneumoniae - Infectious Disease Adviso

S. pneumoniae causes meningitis 11, pneumonia 12, otitis media 13, sinusitis 14, and acute conjunctivitis 15. S. pneumoniae colonization in the nasopharynx is a prerequisite for pneumococcal. In infants, strep B can cause sepsis (infection of the blood), pneumonia (infection in the lungs), and meningitis (infection of the fluid and lining around the brain). But if the mother takes.

Pneumonia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

A negative test does not exclude infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae. Test sensitivity 73% as determined by LHS, specificity 94%. This test has not been evaluated on patients taking antibiotics for more than 24 hours or on patients who have recently completed an antibiotic regime. Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccine may cause false positive. INTRODUCTION. Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is a significant human pathogen. Humans are the main reservoir for the pneumococcus, and asymptomatic carriage in the nasopharynx typically occurs at least once by the age of 2 years in the United States ().However, when the pneumococcus gains access to normally sterile body sites, immune dysregulation and disease can occur Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacterium that is most often associated with mild illness, such as ear and sinus infections. It may also cause life-threatening invasive disease, like pneumonia, sepsis (bloodstream infection), and meningitis (inflammation of the tissues that cover the brain and spinal cord). These types of illness are most common in babies, children under 5 years of age, the.

Micro 25 bacterial RTI Flashcards | Quizlet

Streptococcus Pneumoniae Causing Intra-abdominal and

Group B strep disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Pneumonia has many different causes. Many different germs can cause pneumonia, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. You can also get it from breathing in (aspirating) food, liquid, chemicals and dust.If you have pneumonia caused by a virus it is called viral pneumonia. Many different viruses can cause viral pneumonia, including the flu (influenza) and RSV (respiratory syncytial virus), a. Streptococcus pneumoniae was identified as a major respiratory pathogen shortly after its isolation in 1881.1 Despite a century of intensive study, and antibiotics which readily kill the organism, respiratory tract infections caused by the pneumococcus remain a formidable problem. S pneumoniae is the commonest cause of community acquired pneumonia, accounting for up to 70% of cases in hospital. Identifying the cause of your pneumonia can be an important step in getting the proper treatment. Bacteria. The most common type of bacterial pneumonia is called pneumococcal pneumonia. Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae germ that normally lives in the upper respiratory tract. It infects over 900,000 Americans. This type of pneumonia occurs outside of a hospital or other healthcare facility. Causes include: Bacteria: Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common bacterial cause of pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumoniae and other atypical bacteria: Other types of bacteria with uniqu Pneumonia is a type of infection that affects your lungs.It can affect one or both lungs. It causes the air sacs in the lungs, called alveoli, to fill with pus or other liquid. Pneumonia is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or, more rarely, parasites.People of all ages can develop pneumonia.In some cases, it is mild and not much worse than a bad cold

Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus): Overvie

  1. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of serious illness among children worldwide. Before universal infant immunization with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the U.S.
  2. Causes. Pneumonia is caused by a number of infectious agents, including viruses, bacteria and fungi. The most common are: Streptococcus pneumoniae - the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in children; Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) - the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia
  3. C. pneumoniae is a common cause of pneumonia around the world; it is typically acquired by otherwise-healthy people and is a form of community-acquired pneumonia.Its treatment and diagnosis are different from historically recognized causes, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae. Because it does not gram stain well, and because C. pneumoniae bacteria is very different from the many other bacteria.
  4. Pneumonia, inflammation and consolidation of the lung tissue as a result of infection, inhalation of foreign particles, or irradiation. Many organisms, including viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia, but the most common causes are bacteria, in particular species of Streptococcus and Mycoplasma.Although viral pneumonia does occur, viruses more commonly play a part in weakening the lung, thus.

Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as pneumococcus, is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in adults, called pneumococcal pneumonia. ( 2 ) It may be prevented by a vaccine Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of pneumonia, a leading cause of death globally. Limitations in antibiotic efficacy and vaccines call attention to the need to develop our understanding of host-pathogen interactions to improve mitigation strategies. Here, we show that lung cells exposed to S. pneumoniae are subject to DNA damage caused by hydrogen peroxide, which is secreted. INTRODUCTION. Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is among the most commonly identified bacterial causes of upper and lower respiratory tract infections including pneumonia, otitis media, acute rhinosinusitis, and acute exacerbations of chronic obstruction pulmonary disease (COPD). However, rates of pneumococcal infections are overall declining, in part due to widespread use of. Common causes — Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and respiratory viruses are the most frequently detected pathogens in patients with CAP . However, in a large proportion of cases (up to 62 percent in some studies performed in hospital settings), no pathogen is detected despite extensive microbiologic evaluation WebMD - Better information. Better health

Causes of pneumonia are usually one of the following: viral, bacterial, fungal or parasitic infection of one or both lungs. Verbal the because by flu viruses, respiratory syncytial viruses, adenoviruses, rhinoviruses and others. Common bacterial causes include Streptococcus, Klebsiella, Haemophilus,. Infections with Streptococcus pneumoniae affect all age groups, although predominantly children and the elderly. Invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) such as bacteremia, meningitis, and pneumonia cause high morbidity and mortality worldwide [] and can be divided into serotypes based on their capsular polysaccharide with up to least 100 acknowledged serotypes [2, 3] Streptococcus pneumoniae (Ear Infections, Pinkeye, Pneumonia) What is Streptococcus pneumoniae? It is a bacterium that commonly causes ear infections in children. It also is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia, sinus infections and pink-eye. It is also the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in babies two months.

Pneumococcal Meningitis: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosi

Bacterial pneumonia is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and is more common in low- and middle-income countries where fewer people get the pneumococcal vaccine, according to the CDC SARS-CoV-2 emerged in 2019 and became pandemic in 2020 and is currently an especially pressing cause of pneumonia, COVID-19. Other viral causes include influenza viruses, respiratory syncytial viruses, and more. The most common cause of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia is the pneumococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae) A negative result does not exclude Streptococcus pneumoniae infection.. A diagnosis of S pneumoniae infection must take into consideration all test results, culture results, and the clinical presentation of the patient.. S pneumoniae vaccine may cause false-positive results, especially in patients who have received the vaccine within 5 days of having the test performed Causes of pneumonia include bacteria, viruses (such as COVID-19), and fungus. Streptococcus pneumoniae (a.k.a. pneumococcus). This germ is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. An. Pneumococcus, (Streptococcus pneumoniae), spheroidal bacterium in the family Streptococcaceae that causes human diseases such as pneumonia, sinusitis, otitis media, and meningitis. It is microbiologically characterized as a gram-positive coccus, 0.5 to 1.25 μm (micrometre; 1 μm = 10-6 metre) i

Streptococcus pneumoniae causes many clinical syndromes, depending on the site of infection (e.g., acute otitis media, pneumonia, bacteremia, or meningitis). Starting in 2000, a conjugate pneumococcal vaccine is recommended for prevention of pneumococcal disease in the pediatric population Streptococcus pneumoniae causes many clinical syndromes, depending upon the site of infection (e.g. acute otitis media, pneumonia, bacteremia, meningitis). Laboratory Criteria for Diagnosis • Isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g. blood, cerebrospinal fluid, or, less commonly, joint, pleural or pericardial fluid)

Streptococcus pneumoniae. Staphylococcus aureus. Haemophilus influenzae. Anaerobes - eg, Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium and Prevotella spp. 'Streptococcus milleri' group. Klebsiella pneumoniae - increasingly seen in those with a history of alcohol misuse. Pathogens of nosocomial aspiration pneumonia include : Oral anaerobes - as above Pneumonia is most often caused by bacteria or viruses. Some of these bacteria and viruses can be spread by direct contact with a person who is already infected with them. Common bacteria and viruses that may cause pneumonia are: Streptococcus pneumoniae. Mycoplasma pneumonia. This often causes a mild form of the illness called walking pneumonia Abstract. Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) colonizes the nasopharynx and can cause pneumonia.From the lungs it spreads to the bloodstream and causes organ damage. We characterized the in vivo Spn and mouse transcriptomes within the nasopharynx, lungs, blood, heart, and kidneys using three Spn strains. We identified Spn genes highly expressed at all anatomical sites and in an organ-specific.

How Does Streptococcus pneumoniae Invade the Brain

  1. The microbiological diagnosis of pneumonia is difficult under the best circumstances and is even more formidable in resource-limited settings. However, most systematic studies of pneumonia identify Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) as the most common bacterial etiology across all age groups [1, 5,6,7,8,9]
  2. This topic focuses on Group A and Group B beta-haemolytic streptococci. Read about pneumococcal infections for information on infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. Group A strep. Group A strep (strep A) are often found on the surface of the skin and inside the throat. They are a common cause of infection in adults and children
  3. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Invasive Disease (IPD-Invasive Pneumococcal Disease) Overview1,2,5 Streptococcus pneumoniae, also called pneumococcus, is a bacteria that causes an acute infection. Some pneumococcal infections are considered invasive when the infection occurs in areas parts of the body that are normally sterile
  4. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacterium commonly found in the nose and throat (but is not the cause of strep throat) and is the most common cause of middle ear infections and sepsis (blood infection) in children. Rates of serious pneumococcal infections in children have decreased markedly since use of the conjugate pneumococcal vaccine
  5. Streptococcus pneumoniae 2 Streptococcus pneumoniae 1 THE DISEASE AND ITS EPIDEMIOLOGY A. Etiologic Agent Pneumococcal diseases are infections caused by the gram-positive bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae (also known as pneumococcus).S. pneumoniae is the leading cause of bacterial pneumonia and meningitis in the United States

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacteria that is also known as pneumococcus. This bacteria typically just lives happily in our noses and throats and doesn't bother us. Occasionally, if a person catches a virus or their health is off in some other way, pneumococcus can grow and spread and cause disease. The main diseases pneumococcus causes Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of otitis media in children. It can also cause meningitis and pneumonia. The S. pneumoniae diseases are sometimes referred to as pneumococcal diseases. The development of drug-resistant strains of pneumococci has caused concern in the medical community Streptococcus pneumoniae infections are among the leading causes worldwide of illness and death for young children, people with underlying debilitating medical conditions, and the elderly. Each year in the United States, pneumococcal disease is estimated to account for as S. pyogenes or S. pneumoniae, can likewise be transmitted occasionally to animals. These reverse zoonoses may cause human illness if an infected animal, such as a cow with an udder colonized by S. pyogenes, transmits the organism back to people. Occasionally, their presence in an animal may interfere with control efforts directed a PATHOGEN SAFETY DATA SHEET - INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES SECTION I - INFECTIOUS AGENT. NAME: Streptococcus pneumoniae. SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Pneumococcus, diplococcus, pneumococcal pneumonia, bacteremia, acute sinusitis, acute otitis, meningitis.. CHARACTERISTICS: S. pneumoniae is of the Streptococcaceae family. The gram-positive, oval/lancet-shaped cocci are often arranged in pairs, known as.

Streptococcus pyogenes: Causes Strep Throat and Scarlet Fever. Catalase negative, Gram-positive cocci. Also b-hemolytic and Taxos A sensitive. Streptococcus pneumoniae: Responsible for 70-90% of Bacterial Pneumonia, major nosocomial infection. Catalase negative, Gram-positive cocci Certain kinds of bacteria - streptococcus, pneumococcus and H. influenzae - are commonly responsible for community-acquired pneumonia, LaFon says. Those tend to cause the typical signs of. The top bacterial causes include strep throat, haemophilus influenzae (ear infections), chlamydia pneumoniae (which can cause respiratory infections—so, no, it's not the same as chlamydia the STD), and mycoplasma pneumoniae (a common cause of bronchitis/chest colds) Streptococcus pneumoniae. Based on available data, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) kills close to half a million children under 5 years old worldwide every year, with most of these deaths occurring in developing countries. 1 There are more than 90 strains (serotypes) of pneumococcus bacteria and it is the leading cause of community.

Streptococcus Pneumoniae Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria cause many types of illnesses, including pneumonia, a lung infection. These bacteria can also lead to ear and sinus infections, as well as meningitis, an infection of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord. Bacteremia, a bloodstream infection, can also be caused by Streptococcus. Diseases caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae or pneumococcus) are a major public health problem worldwide. Serious diseases that are often caused by pneumococci include pneumonia, meningitis and febrile bacteraemia; otitis media, sinusitis and bronchitis are more common but less serious manifestations of infection The diagnosis of severe Streptococcus pneumoniae infection relies heavily on insensitive culture techniques. To improve the usefulness of PCR assays, we developed a dual-PCR protocol (targeted at pneumolysin and autolysin) for EDTA blood samples. This was compared to the Binax NOW S. pneumoniae urine antigen test in patients with bacteremic pneumococcal infections Infections with Streptococcus pneumoniae affect all age groups, although predominantly children and the elderly. Invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) such as bacteremia, meningitis, and pneumonia cause high morbidity and mortality worldwide [] and can be divided into serotypes based on their capsular polysaccharide with up to least 100 acknowledged serotypes [2, 3] Initial work identifying the two common bacterial causes, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Klebsiella pneumoniae, was performed by Carl Friedländer and Albert Fraenkel in 1882 and 1884, respectively. Friedländer's initial work introduced the Gram stain , a fundamental laboratory test still used today to identify and categorize bacteria

Bacterial meningitis is a major cause of death and disability in children worldwide. Two human restricted respiratory pathogens, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae, are the major causative agents of bacterial meningitis, attributing to 200,000 deaths annually.These pathogens are often part of the nasopharyngeal microflora of healthy carriers Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), an encapsulated aerobic gram-positive diplococcus, is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Ninety different serotypes have been identified based on antigenic differences in their capsular polysaccharides Causes. The Streptococcus pneumoniae bacterium is one of the known causative agents for pneumonia in guinea pigs. In some cases guinea pigs may be infected with the Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria without appearing to be ill, making them a higher contagion risk to other animals -- and vice versa

MIMG 2800 Study Guide (2013-14 Furrer) - Instructor FurrerBacterial meningitis8 best microbio Streptococcus pneumoniae images onMICRO 20 Study Guide (2013-14 Polasek) - Instructor

S. pneumoniae is a leading cause of pneumonia, sepsis (a potentially life-threatening bloodstream infection) and meningitis (inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord) The streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common bacterium that causes bacterial pneumonia. Many other bacteria may cause bacterial pneumonia including: Group B streptococcus. Staphylococcus aureus. Group A streptococcus. Bacterial pneumonia may have a quick onset and the following symptoms may occur Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia. This video covers key aspects S pneumoniae infection, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and pathology

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