The weighted average cost of capital calculator is a very useful online tool. It's simple, easy to understand, and gives you the value you need in an instant. Here are the steps to follow when using this WACC calculator: First, enter the Total Equity which is a monetary value The WACC Weighted Average Cost of Capital calculator above uses the Gordon model as it is the most popular method, and avoids comparisons with the market based on volatility, which can be caused by many factors and is not a true determinate of future risk. Head Office:- Plot No 6A, IInd Floor, Opp. Max Hospital,. The WACC Calculator is used to calculate the weighted average cost of capital (WACC). WACC Definition. In finance, the weighted average cost of capital, or WACC, is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. The WACC is the minimum acceptable return that a company must earn on an. To calculate the WAC, divide $2,925 with 1,100 to obtain the average weighted cost per unit, which is $2.65. Comparing WAC to other common inventory valuation methods Weighted average cost is a great method to determine the value of your current inventory, but it doesn't necessarily mean it's the right method for your business

A simple weighted average perpetual inventory calculator to find ending inventory cost using average cost method. Select the sold or purchased units in the average inventory ending cost calculator, the tool will update you the total and average cost of the balance units and total This equals a weighted average cost of $1.18 per unit. How to calculate weighted average Weighted average differs from finding the normal average of a data set because the total reflects that some pieces of the data hold more weight, or more significance, than others or occur more frequently Average cost calculator is a handy tool for traders and investors. Whether you are trading Bitcoin, Stocks or Forex. This tool allows you to determine the average entry and the exit price for your trades. It supports up to 10 orders. Just enter the total number of contracts/shares for each buy or sell and input the order price to get the result Average calculator Weighted average calculation. The weighted average (x) is equal to the sum of the product of the weight (w i) times the data number (x i) divided by the sum of the weights:Example. Find the weighted average of class grades (with equal weight) 70,70,80,80,80,90 Average Cost Inventory. When you talk about the Average Cost inventory, this method involves calculating the weighted average of the inventory. Consider the example used above. January, 100 Units, $20 per unit; February, 150 units, $20 per unit; March 150 Units, $25 per unit; April 100 units, $25 per unit; May 150 units, $30 per uni

Weighted average cost of capital is the rate at which a company is expected to pay on average to all its stake holders including creditors and share holders. In weighted average cost of capital, all types of capital are proportionately weighted. Our WACC calculator accounts for cost of equity and cost of debt after tax, following the WACC. ** The WACC Weighted Average Cost of Capital calculator above uses the Gordon model as it is the most popular method**, and avoids comparisons with the market based on volatility, which can be caused by many factors and is not a true determinate of future risk The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) Calculator The weighted average cost (WAC) method of inventory valuation uses a weighted average to determine the amount that goes into COGS and inventory. The weighted average cost method divides the cost of goods available for sale by the number of units available for sale. The WAC method is permitted under both GAAP and IFRS

* The usage of the weighted average is quite broad*. As for the weighted average example, we can talk about the weighted average cost of capital. In calculating the weighted average cost of capital, we take the cost of equity and the cost of debt into account. And depending on the capital structure of the company, we calculate the WACC Weighted Average Unit Cost for Company A= $2825/900 = $3.14. The Cost of Available Goods for Company A as of April 30 is $2825. The total units available for sale are 900. To determine the weighted cost average for Company A, all we need to do is divide the total cost of goods available by the total units available How to Calculate Weighted Average Inventory . The weighted average cost isn't hard to arrive at, even if you are not good at numbers! All you need is to take the total cost of goods purchased, and then divide it by the number of units available for sale. To determine the cost of goods available for sale, add any recent purchases to the total. To calculate the weighted average of all inventory at this point, they add the balance-amount of $600 to the receipt-amount of $1,920 for a total of $2,520. To get unit cost, take the total amount of $2,520 and divide by the 220 total units available to get the weighted average unit cost of $11.45

Therefore, companies must calculate a weighted average cost of capital. The weighted average cost of capital is defined as the weighted average of a firm's total capital structure. Companies can also calculate the cost of capital for additional finance, known as the marginal cost of capital. There are several arguments against the use of WACC If the business uses both debt and equity financing it gets more complicated. When more than one source of capital is used to finance a business firm's operations, then the calculation is an **average** of the **costs** of each and is called the **weighted** **average** **cost** of capital (WACC)

- We need to calculate WACC (Weighted Average Cost of Capital) for both of these companies. Let's look at the WACC formula first - WACC Formula = E/V * Ke + D/V * Kd * (1 - Tax) Now, we will put the information for Company A, weighted average cost of capital formula of Company A = 3/5 * 0.04 + 2/5 * 0.06 * 0.65 = 0.0396 = 3.96%
- Weighted average cost of equity (WACE) is a way to calculate the cost of a company's equity that gives different weight to different aspects of the equities. more Internal Rate of Return (IRR
- To calculate the weighted average cost of capital, the costs of debt and equity must be weighted proportionately based on the different types of capital used by the Company. The first part of the calculation, which requires its own calculator altogether, is the cost of equity
- Perpetual Weighted Average Inventory . If weighted average periodic is the easiest of all the methods, the weighted average perpetual is the hardest. It is not that the method is hard, it is just annoying because you must calculate a new weighted average cost for each sale, based on the units available for sale at that time
- When using the weighted average method, divide the cost of goods available for sale by the number of units available for sale, which yields the weighted-average cost per unit. In this calculation, the cost of goods available for sale is the sum of beginning inventory and net purchases
- Calculate your weighted average expense ratio by hand, with Personal Capital, or our investment tracking spreadsheet. Read more on how low cost investments can improve your investment return

Description This Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) model by Bolortseren is an Excel template. WACC Definition In finance, The weighted average cost of capital, or WACC, is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets ** A weighted average calculation could consider these various frequencies as the weight value, providing a more accurate average cost calculation**. Weighted average calculations are used in many other jobs, such as by funding specialists and actuaries

The simple WACC calculator helps to calculate WACC or the weighted average cost of capital for a firm by using the simple WACC formula. The calculation by our weighted average cost of capital calculator can be done according to the input values of the cost of equity, total equity, cost of debt, total debt and corporate tax rate How does this WACC calculator work? This financial tool can help when trying to determine the weighted average cost of capital a firm has by considering the following variables that should be provided for the calculation process: Total Equity (E). Cost of equity in percentage format (Re). Total Debt (D). Cost of debt (Rd) as a rate Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) Calculator. Cost of Equity (%) Total Equity: Cost of Debt (%) Total Debt. The Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) is one of the most important measures in corporate finance. According to Wikipedia. The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets

- e the cost of total goods sold and the cost of ending inventory based on the weighted average cost per unit of inventory. It is applied in both periodic inventory system and perpetual inventory system. This method computes the average cost of all the similar.
- Calculate the weighted average interest rate of your federal student loans to see what you would pay under a Direct Consolidation Loan, or combine multiple private and federal loans to compare.
- The Weighted Average Food Cost % calculator computes the weighted average of food cost percentage. The weighted average formula is used to calculate the average value of a particular set of numbers with different levels of relevance. The relevance of each number is called its weight
- Remember that ending inventory is a crucial component in the calculation of the cost of goods sold. And, you can easily calculate ending inventory by using multiple valuation methods including, fifo, lifo, and weighted-average cost. Also, you can give a try to this free online enterprise value calculator to find the economic value of the company
- Calculate your
**weighted****average**expense ratio by hand, with Personal Capital, or our investment tracking spreadsheet. Read more on how low**cost**investments can improve your investment return - You can use the calculator above to calculate your weighted grade average. For each assignment, enter the grade you received and the weight of the assignment. If you have more than 10 assignments, use the Add Row button to add additional input fields. Once you have entered your data, press the calculate button and you will see the.

The Weighted Average Cost of Capital is a measurement of the firm's cost of capital where each section is proportionately weighted. Some of the sources of capital that are included in the WACC are common stock, preferred stock, long-term debt, and bonds Below is a screenshot of CFI's WACC Calculator in Excel WACC Calculator This WACC calculator helps you calculate WACC based on capital structure, cost of equity, cost of debt and tax rate. Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) represents a company's blended cost of capital across all sources, including common shares, preferred shares, and debt Average Down Calculator. Simply enter your share purchase price above and the number of shares for each buy to get your average share price. Stock trading or investing is easy to get in, but it takes a lot effort to make money from the stock market In this case, you would just use the weighted average required rate of returns for the cost of equity and debt rates found before to calculate the WACC. To determine whether or not a company has preferred stock outstanding, you can look under the shareholders' equity section of a company's balance sheet

WACC is the weighted average cost of capital, which is the calculation of the cost of the capital. To know more about the formula and get a fair idea about the examples, keep reading on. The formula is - WACC = V E âˆ— Re + V D âˆ— Rd âˆ— (1 âˆ’ Tc The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is a calculation of a company or firm's cost of capital that weighs each category of capital (common stock, preferred stock, bonds, long-term debts, etc.). The ratio of debt to equity in a company is used to determine which source should be utilized to fund new purchases ** What is the Weighted Average Cost of Captial (WACC)? WACC stands for the weighted average cost of capital, which is used to combine the cost of debt and equity into one metric in order to find out if it will be profitable**.. Entrepreneurs need outside capital to grow their business. Popular sources of capital typically come in two forms: debt and equity How to calculate your weighted average price per share When it comes to buying stock, a weighted average price can be used when shares of the same stock are acquired in multiple transactions over. Weighted Average Cost Method: In this method, the average cost per unit is calculated by dividing the total value of inventory by the total number of units available for sale. Ending Inventory is then calculated by the average cost per unit by the number of units available at the end of the period. Examples of Inventory Formula (With Excel.

- The stock of goods kept for business purpose is called as inventory. The methods like FIFO, LIFO can be used in periodic inventory. Here is the online periodic inventory system calculator to find the units in ending inventory, cost of goods sold and cost of ending inventory using average cost method
- The weighted average interest rate is the aggregate rate of interest paid on all debt . The calculation for this percentage is to aggregate all interest payments in the measurement period, and divide by the total amount of debt. The formula is: Aggregate interest payments Ã· Aggregate d
- In the previous page, we discussed the physical flow of units (step 1) and how to calculate equivalent units of production (step 2) under the weighted average method. We will continue the discussion under the weighted average method and calculate a cost per equivalent unit. Step 3: Cost per Equivalent Uni

The calculator will then output the Weighted Average Cost of Capital, which is then often used as a discount rate for NPV calculations and discounted cash flow analysis. What is Weighted Average Cost of Capital? In finance, WACC is defined as the rate a company expects to pay, on average, to all its security holders when financing its assets ** The WACC Calculator spreadsheet uses the formula above to calculate the Weighted Average Cost of Capital**. Pg 1-2 Weighted Average Cost of Capital Version 1.0 1.3 Cost of Equity The Cost of Equity is defined as the rate of return that an investor expects to earn for bearing risk To calculate WACC, you will need to read through a quarterly statement to find the factors used in our example of weighted average cost of capital. While current market capitalization and the tax rate is easy to find, the market value of debt requires investors to calculate the entire debt load as one single bond coupon by using the bond quote.

- As you can see, using the 'SUMPRODUCT' function to calculate the weighted average is easier than the 'SUM' function. It's also ideal for computing weighted average on a large data set. Conclusion. Computing the weighted average might seem like a hassle when done in paper. However, Excel has useful functions like SUM and SUMPRODUCT to.
- The weighted average cost of capital is simply 8%, the same as the cost of equity. This would normally be the most conservative, safe and flexible capital structure. The safety and flexibility enjoyed are being paid for by a relatively high WACC
- Calculating the weighted average trade price Here are the steps to calculate a weighted average trade price: List the various prices at which you bought the stock, along with the number of shares.
- Step 5: Calculate cost of equity. We now have all the required inputs to calculate the equity cost. According to the equation above, we can calculate the cost of equity. Step 6: Calculate the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) Applying the WACC formula give us the final estimated WACC of 4.05

- A weighted average, also called a weighted mean, is an average where some values count more than others. In other words, some values have more weight. We can calculate a weighted average by multiplying the values to average by corresponding weights, then dividing the sum of results by the sum of weights
- So, weight average cost of capital is 8%. Weight Average Cost of Capital. Weight average cost of capital is a calculation of a company's cost of capital in which each category of capital is proportionately weighted it short it computes a cost of each source of capital. In WACC all type of capital is included like common stocks, preferred.
- Like FIFO and LIFO methods, AVCO is also applied differently in periodic inventory system and perpetual inventory system. In periodic inventory system, weighted average cost per unit is calculated for the entire class of inventory. It is then multiplied with number of units sold and number of units in ending inventory to arrive at cost of goods sold and value of ending inventory respectively
- The weighted average cost of capital or simply WACC is a way to measure a company's value based on its profitability. It can be calculated with our Weighted Average Cost of Capital Calculator. What is WACC? To get your head around the idea of WACC, we can begin with a simple example
- WACC Calculator Weighted average cost of capital, also known as WACC in short is the company's cost of capital where every section of the company's investments is weighted proportionally. The WACC includes bonds, stocks etc. The formula to calculate weighted average cost of capital can be calculated with the help of this below formula: where
- The weighted average cost price is calculated as USD 16.00. The issue will have an adjustment of USD 1.00 to adjust it to the weighted average cost. The new running average cost price is USD 16.00
- The following example will demonstrate how to use Excel's SUMPRODUCT and SUM functions to calculate a weighted average. Let's Look at an Example. For our example, let's look at a student's quiz and exam scores. There are six quizzes each worth 5% of the total grade, two exams each worth 20% of the total grade, and one final exam worth.

Weighted average method is easier to calculate than FIFO since no distinction is made between costs of beginning inventory and costs incurred during a period when determining cost per equivalent. A weighted average cost of capital (WACC) calculation is a great tool for businesses (particularly financial professionals) in understanding how much it will cost to finance a project. However, despite this usefulness, a WACC calculation relies on assumptions that may or may not prove true

The weighted-average method requires that the average cost be computed for all units that are available for sale. For periodic weighted average, the total dollar amount of goods available for sale should be divided by the total number of units available for sale, to obtain the average cost for the entire period When cost accounting, you use the weighted average costing method to calculate costs in a process-costing environment. Now incorporate weighted average analysis into calculating spoilage costs. To get super-psyched for the weighted average method, keep these points in mind: To keep it simple, you analyze only the material units and material costs for a product. [ The weighted average cost is $30.00 USD per book ($4500 USD/150 books according to the formula above used to calculate Average Cost per Unit). So the inventory price $30 USD will be the same for each book bought, the actual price of one book is $27 USD while another book was sold at $32 USD Estimated 2020-21 Costs. The tables below show estimated average costs for the 2020-21 school year (fall and spring). Please only use these figures as cost-estimating tools. Your costs may vary from the details below depending on your major and unique needs The average cost of a transaction is calculated when the item's cost is adjusted. For more information, see Design Details: Cost Adjustment.A cost adjustment uses the entries in the Avg. Cost Adjmt.Entry Point table to identify which items (or items, locations, and variants) to calculate average costs for. For each entry with a cost that has not been adjusted, the cost adjustment uses the.

- In this video on Weighted Average Cost of Capital WACC, we are going to see the definition of WACC, formula to Calculate WACC along with some examples.í µí°–í µí°¡í µí°š..
- Weighted Average Cost Question (Multiple Choice) If the company uses weighted average method for inventory valuation, the value of inventory as on March 31, 2005 is: a. $11967 b. $12000 c. $12500 Inventory Ledger Account Exercise Below is the records of receipts and issues of a certain material in a factory for the month ending 30th.
- The weighted average cost of capital or WACC is the sum of the after-tax cost of each component multiplied by the relevant proportion in capital structure. Formula. The WACC can be calculated with the formula. First, we need to calculate the market value and proportion of each component of capital to give an accurate WACC estimation
- Online calculator helps to calculate the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) from the known values. Code to add this calci to your website . Formula: WACC = (E/V Ã— R e) + [(D/V Ã— R d) Ã— (1-T c)] V = E + D Where, WACC = Weighted Average Cost of Capital E = Market value of the firm's equity D.
- imum return that a company is supposed to give on an average to satisfy its entire security proprietors to finance its assets is calculated using Weighted average cost of capital =((Market value of the firm's equity/Firm Value)*Cost of Equity)+(((Market value of the firm's debt/Firm Value)*Cost of Debt)*(1-Corporate Tax Rate))
- Furthermore, our weighted average calculator can be used to calculate a simple unweighted average. This is because the basic average of a group of numbers is the same calculation as a weighted average except that the weights of all the numbers are calculated as being the same

- After-tax Cost of Debt = (1- Tax Rate)* Cost of Debt The WACC Calculator spreadsheet uses the formula above to calculate the Weighted Average Cost of Capital. Cost of Equity The Cost of Equity is defined as the rate of return that an investor expects to earn for bearing risks in investing in the shares of a company
- Weighted-average cost allocation requires computation of the average cost of all units in goods available for sale at the time the sale is made. For The Spy Who Loves You, considering the entire period, the weighted-average cost is computed by dividing total cost of goods available for sale ($16,155) by the total number of available units (585.
- The weighted gross margin is the weighted average profit margin of all products sold by the company. Weighted averages assign weights to figures based on the figures percentage of a total. In the case of gross margins, the weighted average considers each product's percentage of total sales

** Cost of debt formula is a component of WACC i**.e. Weighted average cost of capital. One can also calculate after-tax cost of debt to know the actual financial position of a company. Ways to Low Cost of Debt. There are many ways to the low cost of debt, they are as follows:-Get Cheaper Loa The weighted average costing method involves working out an average cost per unit. In the following example, identical spoons are purchased at different prices throughout the month but are all available for sale together. It, therefore, makes sense to calculate the average cost since only one price will be set. The weighted average method works. How to calculate weighted average cost of capital. The standard WACC formula may look a little complicated, but once you've got all the information you need, learning how to calculate WACC isn't too much of a challenge. Here's the WACC formula: WACC = (E/V x Re) + ((D/V x Rd) x (1-T)) Where: E = Market value of the business's equit Weighted average cost of capital (WACC) and weighted average beta are two examples that use this formula. Another example of using the weighted average formula is when a company has a wide fluctuation in sales, perhaps due to producing a seasonal product

The cost of debt = 2.935 Ãƒâ€” (1 Ã¢â‚¬ 0.3) = 2.05%. Test your understanding 4. The overall cost of debt will be the weighted average of the costs ofthe two types of debt (weighted according to market values). 2 year bonds. Market value = $30m Ãƒâ€” 0.90 = $27m. kd = 2.5% + 50 credit spread (from table) = 3.00%. 10 year bond Assume that Wally World uses a periodic weighted average inventory system. During the period, it had two sales. Calculate the weighted average cost per unit on hand as of June 30 when it figured its cost of goods sold for the month. Jun. 1 Beginning Inventory 8 @ $12 Jun. 5 Purchase 12 @ $15 Jun. 28 Purchase 10 @ $18 Jun. 8 Sale 6 units Jun. 30. Weighted Average Cost Example. Let us continue with the same example. You added a total of 80 pants to your inventory, of which you paid $10 per product for 40 of them and $15 per product for the rest. You would calculate the WAC cost as. Cost of Goods Sold (per item)= {[Cost 1 X Quantity 1] + [Cost 2 X Quantity 2]} / Total quantity. In this.

Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) Now that we know how to calculate both cost of equity and cost of debt, we will combine these two discount rates into our Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC). The WACC is essentially the combined discount rate to use when valuing the unlevered (pre-interest expense) cash flows of a company.. The above flotation cost example increases the cost of equity by a fixed percentage. Using this cost of equity in a weighted average cost of capital (WACC) calculation will mean that flotation costs will be a factor for the duration of the project. This is because all cash flows will be discounted at this higher WACC K.M. Doyle Date: February 17, 2021 The amount a company pays for capital is the weighted average cost of capital.. Weighted average cost of capital is the amount a company pays for its capital, on average, based on all of its funding sources. Capital can come from stock, bonds or debt. Each of these sources has a cost The marginal cost is the cost to raise additional funds for a potential investment project. This is the cost of capital that an investment analyst is most concerned with. Weighted Average Cost of Capital. The cost of capital for a company refers to the required rate of return which investors demand for the average-risk investment of a company The example above reflect with periodic weighted average inventory because we calculate the cost per unit only one time ($ 13.8) and use it to determine COGS for the whole month. Perpetual Weighted Average Inventory. Perpetual inventory system, the average cost will be calculated every time the average cost change due to the new purchase

I have to calculate my products stock cost, so for every product after each buy, i have to recalculate the Weighted Average Cost.. I got a view thats bring me the current product's stock after each in/out Calculate equivalent units of production and cost per equivalent unit using the weighted average and FIFO methods So the Ultimate Planner goes through three departments on its way to finished goods inventory The average cost is computed by dividing the total cost of goods available for sale by the total units available for sale. This gives a weighted-average unit cost that is applied to the units in the ending inventory. There are two commonly used average cost methods: Simple weighted-average cost method and perpetual weighted-average cost method The Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) is the required rate of return on a business organization. A business organization usually compares a new project's Internal Rate of Return (IRR) against the organization's WACC. So, WACC is the minimum rate for an organization to accept an investment project. Despite many advantages, the WACC has many Limitations of the Weighted Average Cost. The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is one of the key inputs in discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis and is frequently the topic of technical investment banking interviews.. The WACC is the rate at which a company's future cash flows need to be discounted to arrive at a present value for the business

I want to find the weighted average which consists of 4 steps. Step 1 : Multiply Total into Days where Days is not blank (i.e to consider only non blank values). lets name the new column formed Product: Step 2 : Take the Subtotal sum of the PRODUCT Step 3 : Take the Subtotal sum of TOTAL Step 4 : Step 2 / Step Calculate **Cost** of Ending Inventory and **Cost** of Goods Sold under Periodic FIFO, LIFO, and **Weighted** **Average** **Cost** [LO 7-3] Oahu Kiki tracks the number of units purchased and sold throughout each accounting period but applies its inventory costing method at the end of each month, as if it uses a periodic inventory system. Assume Oahu Kiki's records show the following for the month of January

Calculate the weighted-average cost of goods sold and ending inventory for 2018 and 2019 assuming use of (a) the periodic method and (b) the perpetual method. Question Calculating Weighted-Average Cost Inventory Values The Brattle Corporation began operations in 2018 Weighted Average Cost (WAC) method estimates the amount distributed into inventory and the COGS through weighted average. For inventory control, WAC is related to COGS calculation and is applicable to both periodic and perpetual inventory control systems. Using a weighted average cost method gives an amount in proximity to both older and latest.

The weighted average cost of capital is a weighted average of the cost of equity, debt, and preference shares.And the weights are the percentage of capital sourced from each component respectively in market value terms. It is better known as Overall 'WACC' i.e. the overall cost of capital for the company as a whole. Moreover, the advantages of using such a WACC are its simplicity, easiness. Calculate Cost of Debt with Pyhton. For the Risk free rate we will use the interest rate offered by a 1 year US T-bill which currently is around 0.15%.. Companies Cost of Equity. To estimate a company cost of equity we can use two different approaches; the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) or the dividend discount model.I have already covered how to use these two models to estimate the cost. In the weighted average method of process costing, the costs are averaged out and evenly applied to both units transferred out and units in closing work in process. Unlike FIFO method , which assumes costs introduced first into a department are transferred out first, weighted average method does not assume any specific order

the firms weighted average cost of capital. - For example, a firm may use its target mix of 40 percent debt and 60 percent equity to calculate its weighted average cost of capital even though, in that particular year, it raised the majority of its financing requirement by borrowing Wikipedia - Weighted Average Cost of Capital - An overview of how WACC is calculated. The Balance SMB - Calculate Weighted Average Cost of Capital - A discussion on weighted average cost of capital and its calculation. Investopedia - Weighted Average Cost of Capital - A break down of WACC Weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the weighted average of the costs of all external funding sources for a company. WACC plays a key role in our economic earnings calculation. It is hard. QuickBooks also uses the weighted average cost to determine the value of the item and the amount debited to COGS when you sell it. The average cost is the total amount of cost of all of the inventory you have divided by the number of items. This article discusses this a little further: Understand Inventory Assets And COGS Trackin